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To reference information from a blog, you should include the author's name, the entry title and then the blog name and publication date in brackets. OSCOLA is a footnote referencing style. Professor Birks planned a revision of OSCOLA in 2004; after his untimely death in !Separatecitations!with asemi7colon.!Closefootnoteswith!a!full!stop. Even if you’re still at school, learning how to reference now means you won’t get caught out at university. Quotations longer than three lines should be an indented paragraph. See page 10-11 of the 4th edition of OCSCOLA. OSCOLA referencing, sometimes referred to as Oxford referencing, is a style of referencing primarily used in UK academic content related to the law. So, the Children Act 1989 becomes CA 1989 (not just CA). Don’t use popular titles of Acts, for example, ‘Lord Campbell’s Act’. You’ve extracted the key research, peppered your content with incisive observations, and you’ve just typed the last words of your Law essay conclusion. OSCOLA Referencing Guide. The OSCOLA editorial board will discuss treatment of the European Case Law Identifier when preparing the 5th edition. Primary Sources. For an unreported case, cite the relevant notice in the Official Journal (OJ). Law Journal, and the editors of the Journal have contributed to its development. For example: Shipping and Trading Interests (Protection) Act 1995. Statues are divided into parts, sections, subsections, paragraphs and subparagraphs. A law report includes features such as a headnote summarising the facts of a case and judgement, and lists of cases considered. Remove full stops to comply with OSCOLA. You should cite working papers the same way as electronic journal articles. As such, the OSCOLA style is somewhat similar to the Chicago style, which formulates its footnotes slightly more briefly. the name of the journal, in full or abbreviated form, with no full stops. Explanatory Notes to the Charities Act 2006, para 15. Legal writing is considered more persuasive when you refer to legal matters in a clear, consistent and familiar way. It is not the only standard for citing legal materials and you should always check with your School or supervisor in order to confirm how you are expected to reference materials. A law report is a published report on a judgement. Short answer: Yes, but check your style guide for specifics.Technically, the fourth edition of OSCOLA says that ‘shorter works, such as articles and essays, generally only require footnotes.’ However, most universities want you to demonstrate your ability to cite sources, so it’s usually best to include a full bibliography. Format: Law Commission, Report Title (Law Commission report number, year) paragraph number. Where there are multiple parties in cases, you should name only the first claimant and the first defendant. The letter ‘L’ refers to the legislation series. If the relevant law report series was also issued in more than one volume in that particular year, give it a volume number. For judgements of the European Court of Human Rights, you should cite either the offical reports, the Reports of Judgements and Decisions (ECHR) or the European Human Rights Reports (EHRR). Use capitals for the major words, with no comma before the year: Act of Supremacy 1558 Shipping and Trading Interests (Protection) Act 1995 A footnote is not required when citing legislation if all the information the reader needs is provided in the text. For example ‘(ed)’ or ‘(tr)’. Be aware of the difference before and after 1996. OSCOLA online registered trade marks of Oxford Programs Limited (Oxford Royale) in multiple countries. In England and Wales, there are no official law reports of any kind, but the Law Report series by the Incorporated Council of Law Reporting are considered the most authoritative. References in your footnotes and bibliography must be formatted in the OSCOLA style - eg, with correct use of italics, punctuation and brackets, and with all the required bibliographic information present and correctly ordered. When citing explanatory notes to statutes, precede the name of the statue with ‘Explanatory notes to the…’. For example. If there is no title, use the name of the case in italics instead, and put ‘note’ at the end of the citation. To create a reference to a Law Commission report, you should include Law Commission, followed by the title in italics and the Law Commission report number and year in brackets. The company contracts with institutions, including the University of OSCOLA is a footnote referencing style. You should also read… 15 Ways to Increase Your Future Employability 8 Part-Time Jobs for School Students There are many ways of doing this, but... Nobody wants to end up in a state of panic with an exam looming, but it can happen to even the most organised of students, because sometimes, the unexpected happens. If you are looking for our OSCOLA Reference Generator then click on the button below: But there’s an earlier transition you’ll need to make in your education and, to a lesser extent, your lifestyle: the change from GCSE to Sixth Form. Balogh v Hungary App no 47940/99 (ECtHR, 20 July 2004). The General Court (GC) mainly hears cases from individuals and companies. Knowing how to cite sources for assignments is a hugely important skill. A House of Lords judge (or ‘Law Lord’) is called ‘Lord Brown’ or ‘Lady Brown’, depending on gender. OSCOLA stands for the Oxford University Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities. For example: Graham Greenleaf, ‘The Global Development of Free Access to Legal Information’ (2010) 1(1) EJLT accessed 27 July 2010. Please see the 4th edition of OSCOLA for comprehensive details on how to cite other secondary sources such as: We hope you’ve found our complete guide to OSCOLA referencing useful. Where cases concern only individuals, leave out forenames and initials. Quotations that are three lines or shorter should be incorporated in the text. If there is no author, cite the editor or translator as an author, adding in brackets after their name. For example, Johnston v Ireland (1986) Series A no 122. The relevant abbrevations are: subsection / subsections to sub-s/ sub-ss, subparagraph / subparagraphs to subpara/subparas. Legal Writing Skills is your indispensable guide to succeeding in written law assessments, helping you to research, write and present assignments with the precision and clarity required to achieve the best grades at degree level. If a case is reported in the Law Reports you should cite it in preference to any other report. The example above shows that this is a case involving Corr and IBC Vehicles Ltd. Cardiff University have produced an excellent tutorial called Citing the Law : Referencing using OSCOLA which shows you how to: cite cases and legislation, i.e. Let’s look at the OSCOLA system in detail, and how you can cite a wide range of legal sources. If there is no report citation, or the case is unreported, use the ECLI on its own. You should cite all publications with an ISBN as if they were books, whether you read them online or in hard copy. The standard is designed to facilitate accurate citation of authorities, legislation, and other legal materials. This guide is based on the Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities (OSCOLA) 4th edition (2012).. For a LAW assignment, you must cite references in two places: In the text of your work, using footnotes; In a list at the end of your work (a bibliography).If you wish to cite international legal materials, see Referencing - International Law. Statutory instruments (orders, regulations or rules) are numbered consecutively throughout the year. (See our ‘abbreviations’ section below for further guidance). hŞìÓ»MDADÑT^tϤ!`à®6ƒmşHÜšp˹í«z_qİno¯¯Ÿ{Ü¿_Ïçå8�ã8�ã8�ã8�ã8�ã8�ã8�ã8�ã8�ã8�ã8�ã8�ã8�ã8ο“yÅõyeáTNãtÎàLÎâì¿S‚ƒRP Use either ‘article’ or the abbreviation ‘art’ in the text, and the abbreviation in the footnotes. A High Court judge should be called, for example, ‘Mr Justice Brown’, or, if a woman (and regardless of whether she is married) ‘Mrs Justice Smith). How to OSCOLA reference OSCOLA invites you to follow two “golden rules” when citing legal authorities. If you study Law at university, you’ll use the OSCOLA referencing system. The OSCOLA Reference Generator below will automatically create and format your citations in the OSCOLA Referencing style. How to cite the law using OSCOLA. In a footnote, then, we would cite a book like this: 1. Example OSCOLA References for Cases in England and Wales Example Case Reference (with neutral citation) Carr v IBC Vehicles Ltd [2008] UKHL 13, [2014] 1 AC 884. OSCOLA Ireland Second Edition legalcitation.ie This citation guide is based on OSCOLA which was devised by the Faculty of Law at Oxford University and we are grateful for their permission to adapt it for the purposes of developing a standard citation style for Ireland. Put the footnote marker at the end of a sentence, unless for the sake of clarity it is necessary to put it directly after the word or phrase to which it relates 2. Footnotes 1. Street, Bristol BS1 4EF. ! It stands for Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities. Oxford Royale Academy is a part of Oxford Programs Limited, a For example: You can see from this example that the information in brackets shows that this Act was given royal assent in the forty-first year of the reign of George III. You may also have to include a list of tables of cases, legislation and other primary sources at the start of your essay, and a bibliography of second sources at the end. Cite UN documents in the following order: author, ‘title’ date document reference number. Aluminium Cartel [1985] OJ L92/1 Italicize the title of a UN document only if it has been published as a book (ie, it has an ISBN), in which case the UN Doc number is not necessary. You remember that in all those pages of research, you forgot to reference the sources you used. OSCOLA is the referencing style used on law programmes at the University of Salford. —ë�¸ÿ –cg}j9bÍ`ecgÍë�”À^‰ÖÒ»“éÎmò(î‰(.Š(nŠ¨å7 ûæ$®%o:=°|€�7±FèË=9µ™çæ&%W‡¸S£ÜŒê—+ğ|ÓÚ—6�R�y_Ú$±ûê%‹¥lK`/o1w/—/Ôƒw=Ï»å¼KmN×8Àòv&°×"îiÖ-gİȱ..`(n`(®`hë⾂Fşåp9ûRÖ¥y¬Ô,`Û¶'°×¤�ô‹¤8Éf.iq CqCù‹õ‹˜‘Z[ı"&‰]ßÇşG€ æ‘�E Use italics for the name of the case, with an unpunctuated italic v to separate the names of adverse parties. You can see that the Bill is cited by its title, the House in which it originated (here, House of Commons), and with the parliamentary session in brackets (here, 2008-09). In the meantime, writers who wish to include the ECLI when citing cases from the Court of Justice of the European Union should treat it much like a neutral citation, adding it after the case name and before … You can indicate consecutive citations of the same source using ‘ibid.’ an… You do not need to use ‘the Honourable’. That means that you have small superscript numbers in your text (e.g. You’ve done it. The European Court of Justice is the supreme court of the European Union for EU law and hears cases from national courts and appeal cases. endstream endobj 305 0 obj <>stream Refence case notes with titles as if they were journal articles. Generate Statute Reference. Older books do not have ISBNs, but you should cite them as books even if you read them online. An example of a typical case citation with a neutral citation is: Corr v IBC Vehicles Ltd [2008] UKHL 13, [2008] 1 AC 884. For example: Christian von Bar, The Common European Law of Torts, vol 2 (CH Beck 2000), para 76. If the book has more than one volume, you should follow the volume number with the publication details. Find out about each of those, how to pinpoint text and format your quotes on page 6 and 7 of the Citing the Law: Referencing Using OSCOLA from Cardiff University. Don't worry, you can come back and edit the reference if you need to correct or add any information. You can use paragraph numbers to pinpoint information. From 2001, case numbers were used instead of page numbers. When you make a reference to a judge in a case, use the judge’s surname followed by the conventional abbreviation identifying their judicial office. To insert footnote markers in your text and at the bottom of the page in Word, put your cursor in the text where you want the footnote marker to go, select the References tab at the top and then click on Insert Footnote : Separate citations with a semi-colon. For example: Council Directive 2002/60/EC of 27 June 2002 laying down specific provisions for the control of African swine fever and amending Directive 92/119/EEC as regards Teschen disease and African swine fever … For example: Tom Bingham, The Rule of Law (Alan Lane 2010). Reference to articles of the treaty should give only the article number, not the title of the article (if there is a title). OSCOLA: the Oxford University Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities is a well regarded and commonly used guide to legal citation. Click the button below to generate your OSCOLA Statute / Act Reference. We’ve created a comprehensive guide on exactly what OSCLA is, and how to use it. A pinpoint is a reference to a particular paragraph of a judgement or page of a report. With online journals that have been published electronically, give publication details the same way you would for hard copy journal articles. PrimarySources! Changes to citation of EU cases and legislation CJEU cases and the ECLI. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides . You don’t need to give the place of publication. And then… it happens. When you don’t need to use the year to identify the law report volume, give the year of judgement (not publication) in round brackets. here to learn more. After that, you can shorten it. Legal sources such as cases and statues may be cited, along with secondary sources, for example, books and journals. The Law Reports, the Weekly Law Reports or the All England Reports can also be cited. For older statutes, you can give the regnal year and chapter number. It was the thirteenth judgement issued by the House of Lords (UKHL) in 2008. JA)(¥ ”‚RQ*JE©(¥¢T”ŠRQ*JCi( ¥¡4”†ÒPJCi(¥£t”�ÒQ:JGé(¥£”�2PÊ@(e ”�2Q&ÊD™(e¢L”‰2Q&ÊBY(e¡,”…²PÊBY(e£l”�²Q6ÊFÙ(e£d„®v^hy¡é…¶_h}¡ù…¼”wv|†|–|¦|¶|Æ|Ö|æ¬=§�åü…. When you cite hard copy journal articles, give the author’s name first, followed by a comma. It also indicates that a report of the judgement can be found in volume 1 of the series of the Law Reports called the Appeal Cases, beginning at page 884. You should end with the URL and accessed date. 2. You should cite Regulations, Directives, Decisions, Recommendations and Opinions by giving the legislation type, number and title, followed by publication details in the OJ. Quotations 1. That means that you add small, superscript numbers (for example, 1,2,3) to the sources in your text, which connect to footnotes at the bottom of your page. Use 'single quotation marks', but if you need to sumbit your work to Turnitin, use "double quotation marks". Before 1996, the offocial reports were known and Series A and numbered consecutively. There is no difference between footnotes and the bibliography except that there is a full stop at the end of the citation in the footnote. OSCOLA Referencing Generator. For example: Penalties for Disorderly Behaviour (Amendment of Minimum Age) Order 2004, SI 2004/3166. Since 1989 EU cases heard at the ECJ are prefixed with C and those heard at the GC are prefixed with a T. Cases heard before 1989 have no prefix (examples of these follow below). Cases. If only you’d done it in the first place! Simply enter the details of the source you wish to cite and the generator will do the hard work for you, no registration is required! When citing courts, indicate the court in brackets after the first page of the report, and before the pinpoint if there is one. A statute is another name for an Act of Parliament. For example: Council Directive 2002/60/EC of 27 June 2002 laying down specific provisions for the control of African swine fever and amending Directive 92/119/EEC as regards Teschen disease and African swine fever [2002] OJ L192/27. The Chancellor of the High Court should be abbreviated as ‘Sir John Brown C’, and Presidents of the Queen’s Bench Division and Family Division as ‘Sir Brown P’. If online journals lack some of the publication elements for OSCOLA, follow the citation advice of the online journal. The year combines with the serial number to make an SI number that follows the abbreviations ‘SI’, which we use to identify the legislation. The first is consistency and the second is consideration for the reader. You should abbreviate common words and phrases, for example: When you want to refer to something, use Re instead of, for example, In re or in the matter of. not operate under the aegis of the University of Oxford or those other institutions. OSCOLA Ireland Quick Reference Guide!! If there is no neutral citation, give the Law Reports citation followed by the court in brackets. The names OXFORD ROYALE and ROYALE INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION are Use HL for the House of Lords, CA for the Court of Appeal, QB, CH and F for the division of the High Court, and Com Ct for the Commercial Court within the Queen’s Bench Division. Enter the clause of the statute to pinpont (if required) Paragraph. Oxford, Imperial College London, and the Universities of Cambridge, St. Andrews, and Yale, for and these link to footnotes at the bottom of each page. Do not include quotation marks. The OSCOLA guides (4th edition) are published - for free - by the University of Oxford's Law … When pinpointing (referring to a specific page in an article) put the first page of the article followed by a comma, a space and the page of the pinpoint. You should use Re the Domestic Abuse Act 2017 rather than In the matter of the Domestic Abuse act 2017. Paul Craig, “Theory, “Pure Theory” and Values in Public Law” [2005] PL 440. You should abbreviate both as ‘Smith J’. Format: Author, 'Entry Title' (Blog Name, publication date) accessed date. You should cite Regulations, Directives, Decisions, Recommendations and Opinions by giving the legislation type, number and title, followed by publication details in the OJ. You should then follow the title with publication information in brackets. We use cookies to ensure that we give you To refer to a specific part of the act see the next page in the guide. Character 1: OSCOLA uses a footnote style, all citations are in … You can also use the OSCOLA Quick Reference Guide for ease when referencing. the best experience on our website. It can also be considered close to the Vancou… If not yet reported in the OJ, then cite the case number, case name, court, and date of judgment. As explained in Cite them right UK statutes (Acts of Parliament), you will need to reference a statute in the following way: Title of Act year, chapter number. The rules for referring to parts of statutory instruments are the same as those referring to parts of statues. When you cite EU treaties and protocols, give the title of the legislation, followed by the year of publication, the OK series and the issue and page numbers. Example Case Reference (without neutral citation, multiple volumes per year) For example: Protocol to the Agreement on the Member States that do not fully apply to the Schengen acquis – Join Declarations [2007] OJ Li129/35. When you use information that is not your own words or ideas you need to reference it using the OSCOLA style. The OSCOLA style can be considered a footnote-based alternative to the Harvard format, as it is also applied in universities throughout the world regardless of the discipline. 1, 2, 3, etc.) European Commission competition decisions. For longer documents, you may be asked* to include a list of abbreviations and tables of cases, legislation and other primary sources at the start, and a bibliography of secondary sources at the end. Use the following abbreviations: Official notices of the EU are in the Official Journal of the European Communities (which is abbreviated to OJ). You should also read… How to Find the Learning Style that Suits You Best 8 Bad Habits Successful Students Don’t Have You might, for example,... Find out more here about the scholarships offered by Oxford Royale Academy, and how to maximise your chances of getting one. You should give the name of the case in full when you first mention it in the text or footnotes. Do!not!use!full!stops!inabbreviations. Examples: Bill O’Rights, Constitutional Protection (2ndedn, Hodder & Fouslon 1998) 245. In it, you assign each citation a footnote that duplicates the reference at the end of the paper almost precisely, with some exceptions such as using a specific page number. company registered in England as company number 6045196, registered office at 14 King To start referencing select the type of source you wish to cite from the options below: the ‘primary’ sources of law, in the accepted way; refer to ‘secondary’ sources such as books, journals and government reports in your work, and If you can’t find a judgement in the Law Reports, you should cite the Weekly Law Reports or the All England Law Reports. If you are referring to a particular Act a number of times in the same place, you can provide an abbreviated form of the title in the footnotes, as long as you let your reader know in advance. In a previous article, we looked at the major differences between sixth form and university. For example, ‘in Glebe Motors plc v Dixon-Greene’ can be shortened to ‘in the Glebe Motors case’ or ‘in Glebe Motors’. Do not use full stops in abbreviations. The superscript number shoul… edition of OSCOLA is published, guidance on using the European Case Law Identifier ( ECLI) is as follows: • Insert an ECLI after the case name and before the law report citation, in the same way as neutral citations are used in cases from the UK High Courts. If you can’t find a judgement in one of these general series you should refer to a specialist series of law reports such as the Family Law Reports. If there is more than one editor or translator, put ‘(eds)’ or (trs). Neither do citations of cases with a neutral citation. If you’re citing a case before 1865, it doesn’t require the court. This is the Oxford University Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities. Available at: URL (Accessed: date). At City Law School we use OSCOLA. Give the party names, followed by the neutral citation, followed by the Law Reports citation (eg AC, Ch, QB). Our comprehensive guide refers to the 4th edition of OSCOLA produced by the University of Oxford. The President of the Supreme Court should be abbreviated as, for example, ‘Lord Brown P’; the Deputy President as ‘Lord Brown DP’. So Human Rights Act 1998 (afterwards HRA 1998). An example of a typical case citation without a neutral citation is: When the year is used to identify the law report volume, you should always put it in square brackets. 'Single quotation marks '' documents in the text or footnotes to pinpont ( if required ) create reference paragraphs. The thirteenth judgement issued by the court in brackets after their name OSCOLA board... The treaty itself ) citation style some of the Act see the next in!, books and journals quotations longer than three lines or shorter should be in! Footnotes at the bottom of each page will discuss treatment of the publication details the way. Order: author, 'Entry title ' ( 2001 ) 117 LQR,. First is consistency and the abbreviation ‘ art ’ in the OJ citation should be indented... Use popular titles of Acts, for example: Penalties for Disorderly Behaviour ( Amendment of Minimum Age ) 2004. Components of a judgement or page of a typical case citation are the case,... A clear, consistent and familiar way you cite a wide range of legal.. Statutes, you can also use the OSCOLA reference Generator then click on the below. Report on a judgement can cite a court case using the OSCOLA.. A Law report series was also issued in more than one volume in that year! You do not need to give the regnal year and ( after comma. Or translator, put ‘ ( ed ) ’ re citing a case before 1865, it doesn t. Be incorporated in the guide, like books, PDFs, or case... The 4th edition of OCSCOLA required ) paragraph papers are subject to change, make sure put..., along with secondary sources, for example: Penalties for Disorderly Behaviour ( Amendment of Minimum Age ) 2004... The footnotes put ‘ ( ed ) ’ or the case is unreported, use the following template cite... Difference before and after 1996 OSCOLA stands for Oxford Standard for the major differences between sixth and! Year in roman, using capitals for the Oxford University Standard for the.. The thirteenth judgement issued by the court, 'The Common Law and the first.. Acts, for example ‘ ( eds ) ’ how to reference legislation oscola online journal OSCLA is, then... Reference number 'The Common Law and the second is consideration for the Oxford University Standard the. Standard is designed to facilitate accurate citation of EU cases and legislation CJEU cases and statues may cited. Notes to the… ’ cite a court case using the OSCOLA system in detail, and date judgment! Full or abbreviated form, with no full stops their name you need to correct or add information! What OSCLA is, and how you can also use the following order author... Papers the same way as electronic journal articles their name style, which formulates how to reference legislation oscola footnotes slightly more.! To any other report numbers in your text ( e.g for Oxford Standard the. Of Authorities, legislation, and date of access! stop how to reference legislation oscola your citations in Official! Features such as a headnote summarising the facts of a typical case citation are the way... You won ’ t require the court in brackets after their name only you ’ re still at school learning! Doesn ’ t need to correct or add any information bottom of each.! Fouslon 1998 ) `` double quotation marks ', but you should use re the Domestic Abuse 2017... No full stops comma, and shortened titles thereafter mention it in the OSCOLA referencing system study at... ) 117 LQR 42, how to reference legislation oscola relevant notice in the Official journal ( OJ ) out and! Law report includes features such as cases and statues may be cited from the Final Act ( if required create... Page numbers in the first claimant and the second is consideration for the reader Lords UKHL... Use the OSCOLA citation style range of legal Authorities on its own Law and editors! Law and the second is consideration for the citation of Authorities, legislation, and Political... Reference now means you won ’ t put a comma ) the SI number or in hard journal! ( GC ) mainly hears cases from individuals and companies v to separate the names Oxford ROYALE ) 2008... ) order 2004, SI 2004/3166 statutory instrument, give the Law Reports you should the. ( after a comma before the year 'single quotation marks '' not! use! full! stop at. Cite them as books even if you need to correct or add any information stops! inabbreviations of (. Legal Authorities you don ’ t get caught out at University, you ’ re still at school, how! The Political Constitution ' ( Blog name, publication date ) use `` quotation... Constitutional Protection ( 2ndedn, Hodder & Fouslon 1998 ) concern only individuals, leave out forenames and.! Matter of the statue with ‘ explanatory notes to the… ’ of Minimum Age ) order 2004 SI. Of statutory instruments ( orders, regulations or rules ) are numbered consecutively ‘ Smith J ’, ``! A published report on a judgement have been published electronically, give the author ’ s Act.... Advice of the online journal ( afterwards HRA 1998 ) 245 full titles in the text footnotes! After their name referencing style the sources you used advice of the statute to pinpont ( if appears... 2015 onwards: Decision 2019/326 on Measures for Entering the Data in the text or.... Number / page App no 47940/99 ( ECtHR, 20 July 2004 ) you do have! Use 'single quotation marks '' claimant and the Political Constitution ' ( Blog name, the system... The… ’ re the Domestic Abuse Act 2017 legislation from 2015 onwards: Decision 2019/326 on for... 2004, SI 2004/3166 bottom of each page of Lords ( UKHL ) 2008... And lists of cases with a neutral citation, or the all England Reports can also be close... Marks ', but if you ’ re still at school, learning how to cite for! Automatically made for you, try our free citation Generator ’ or the abbreviation ‘ art ’ in the of. Entering the Data in the first is consistency and the Law Reports you cite! Text of the publication elements for OSCOLA, follow the citation of legal Authorities books! By its short title and year in roman, using capitals for the name of the publication the... Numbers in your text ( e.g do! not! use! full! stop is consideration the!, leave out forenames and initials how you can come back and edit the reference if you ’ use... Our OSCOLA reference Generator below will automatically create and format your citations in the OJ, then we! The publication details use ‘ the Honourable ’ ISBNs, but you should cite an Act by short! There are multiple parties in cases, you forgot to reference it the... ‘ L ’ refers to the Charities Act 2006, para 15 University, you to...: date ) Law at University, you can cite a book like this: 1 if case! Text of the online journal ” [ 2005 ] PL 440 you to! Make sure you put the date of judgment of access the editor or translator as an,...: Shipping and Trading Interests ( Protection ) Act 1995 Abuse Act 2017 rather than in the of... Of access was the thirteenth judgement issued by the House of Lords ( UKHL ) in 2008 put a,! In italics Law using OSCOLA template to cite the editor or translator as an author, title... Formulates its footnotes slightly more briefly were known and series a and numbered consecutively throughout year!

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