Specific issues include the amount of water required for irrigation and the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers in maintenance, as well as the destruction of wetlands and other environmentally important areas during construction. Courses may also have other design features which the skilled player will avoid; there are earth bunkers (pits or depressions in the ground that are not filled with sand but require a lofted shot to escape), high grass and other dense vegetation, trees or shrubs, ravines and other rocky areas, steep inclines, etc. The best players will read the green by walking around the green and studying the characteristics of the green before addressing the ball. Red – Closest to the hole and often placed to minimize the influence of major hazards like water; typically used by ladies of all ages, juniors (up to age 12), and novice players of any age/gender. Nip it: The Golf Slang term " Nip It " means to hit an iron shot without taking a divot.  Many other golf courses subsequently made the decision to change from Bermuda to bent grass when they observed increased business at courses that had already changed over.. A private course is owned and managed by a golf club on behalf of its members, on a non-profit basis. An executive course or short course is a course with a total par significantly less than that of a typical 18-hole course. Topped An errant shot where the clubhead strikes on top of the ball, causing the ball to roll or bounce rather than fly. www.ScottishGolfHistory.org, 2003–2007, webpage: Learn how and when to remove this template message, American Society of Golf Course Architects, European Institute of Golf Course Architects, Society of Australian Golf Course Architects, "Golf Courses as Designed Landscapes of Historic Interest. If it cannot be played from the hazard, the ball may be hit from another location, generally with a penalty of one stroke. An additional smaller flag, or other marker, is sometimes positioned on the flagstick to indicate the location of the hole (front, middle, or back) on the green. Go back to Cheese Lovers (3665 votes, average: 2,60 out of 5) [D] Dimples The round indentations on a golf ball cover which are scientifically designed to enable the ball to make a steady and true flight.  Some courses, such as Augusta National, are highly exclusive and will only allow visitors to play at the invitation of and alongside a member of the club. Links is a Scottish term, from the Old English word hlinc : "rising ground, ridge", describing coastal sand dunes and sometimes similar areas inland. The hole, often called a cup, in a green is frequently moved from one position on the green to another, sometimes on a daily basis. Players are responsible for the actions of their caddies. Fried Egg – Sometimes when your ball lands in the bunker it will get buried. A player is allowed to carry up to fourteen (14) clubs during a round of golf. While most modern 18-hole golf courses occupy as much as 60 hectares (150 acres) of land, the average course has 30 hectares (74 acres) of maintained turf. Fourball In matchplay, a contest between two sides, each consisting of a pair of players, where every individual plays his own ball throughout. Automatic Two-putt When a golf course, or tournament, declares that players may consider the ball to be holed in no more than two putts once their ball is on the putting surface (most commonly used as a tournament rule to speed up play) Example: Automatic two-putt is not allowed within the rules of golf, but courses can institute it as a local rule in casual play when conditions warrant. The area between the fairway and the out-of-bounds markers, and also between a mowed apron surrounding the green and out of bounds, is the rough; the grass there is cut higher and is often of a coarser strain than on the fairways, making roughs disadvantageous areas from which to hit. , There are three main categories of ownership and management of a golf course: private, commercial, and municipal.. Flagstick A tall marker, often a metal pole with a flag at the top, used to indicate the position of the hole on a green. On par-3 holes, the player is expected to be able to drive the ball to the green on the first shot from the tee box. Tournament players will usually play from a longer-distance tee box (the Championship or Tournament tee) that is behind the standard men's tee, which increases the typical distance of each par; a par-3 hole can be up to 290 yards (270 m), and longer par-4 holes can measure up to 520 yards (480 m), which can also be accomplished by converting a par-5 hole into a long par-4 hole for tournament players. [U] Unplayable A player can declare his ball unplayable at any time when it is in play (other than at a tee), and can drop the ball either within two club-lengths, or further from the hole in line with the hole and its current position, or where he played his last shot. Special rules apply when playing from a hazard. Draw A shot that, for a right-handed golfer, curves to the left; often played intentionally by skilled golfers. Sometimes, a hole's direction may bend twice; this is called a "double dogleg". This is of particular importance on the green, where stepping on another player’s line is considered a breach of etiquette. The links were often treated as common land by the residents of the nearby towns and were used by them for recreation, animal grazing and other activities such as laundering clothes. A golfer may play the ball standing outside the teeing area, but the ball itself must be placed and struck from within the area. It is more difficult to play the ball from sand than from grass, as the ball may embed itself into the sand, and the loose nature of the sand and more severe sloping of many bunkers make taking one's stance more difficult. The short course, called 12North, offers holes ranging from 50 to 120 yds with the ability to … Albatross A hole played three strokes under par, also called a Double Eagle. Special rules apply to playing a ball that falls in a hazard. Golf hole with a turn. [F] Fade A shot that, for a right-handed golfer, curves slightly to the right, and is often played intentionally by skilled golfers. Chunk A swing that results in the clubhead hitting the ground before the ball, resulting in a large chunk of ground being taken as a divot. Ball-marker A token or a small coin used to spot the ball’s position on the green prior to lifting it. Often, a golf course will include among its facilities a practice range or driving range, usually with practice greens, bunkers, and driving areas. Unlike many other aspects of golf, a hole-in-one is "available" to low handicappers, beginners, high handicappers, men, women and young golfers. The book Rules of Golf reads "The Game of Golf consists in playing a ball from the teeing ground into the hole by a stroke or successive strokes in accordance with the Rules." So in order to score an ostrich, a golfer must be playing a golf hole with a par rating greater than par-5. This longer grass surrounding the green is known as the fringe and is designed to slow and stop balls rolling along the green from an approach shot or errant putt, preventing them from exiting the green. Bermuda is more common in regions that have very warm summers and mild winters, such as the Southern and Southwestern United States. Or hole out in two on a par-7 hole, and up from there if any holes … The grass between the tee and the green is called the fairway. Slice A poor shot that, for a right-handed golfer, curves sharply from the left to the right. Another type of grass common for greens is TifDwarf Hybrid Bermuda (other variants exist, but TifDwarf is one of the most common), or simply Bermuda grass. Fairway The area of the course between the tee and the green that is well-maintained allowing a good lie for the ball. The teeing ground for a particular set of tees is two club lengths in depth. A green may consist of a thin carpet so that bad weather is not allowed to become a serious factor in maintaining the course. Birdie A hole played in one stroke under par. MORE: Masters 2020 betting odds and favorites It comprises a series of holes, each consisting of a teeing ground, a fairway, the rough and other hazards, and a green with a flagstick ("pin") and hole ("cup"). The Handicap Index has a set formula; but, it is basically the average score the golfer has achieved, adjusted for … Also called a hole in one. And, yes, par-6 holes do exist. Players may use a roller on the "greens" to smooth the intended path before putting. In Saudi Arabia and elsewhere in arid regions, golf courses have been constructed on nothing more than oil-covered sand. Flags, also known as pins, are an important part of golf. [I] Iron A club with a flat-faced solid metal head generally numbered from 1 to 9 indicating increasing loft. , Most golf courses have only par-3, −4, and −5 holes, although some courses include par-6 holes. Dogleg – A golf-course architecture term. And every hole on a golf course is rated as either a par-3, a par-4 or a par-5 (par-6 holes also exist, but they are rare). Hazards — bunkers and bodies of water called penalty areas — might show up on any hole, too. They’re called parkland courses because they look and feel like you are playing golf in a park. Nineteenth Hole: Within Golf Terminology this is a term referring to the "Clubhouse Bar" visited after an 18-Hole round of golf. Each combo tee configuration normally has its own course and slope rating. Most putts are not struck directly at the hole, instead they must be struck to take into account the characteristics of the green to arrive at the hole at the proper angle and speed. (ii) The indentation on the green caused by the ball on an approach shot; more properly called a pitch mark or ball mark. Combined with the need to package all the fairways within what is frequently a compact square or rectangular plot of land, the fairways of a course tend to form an oppositional tiling pattern. [R] Rough The grass that borders the fairway, usually taller and coarser than the fairway. Teeing Group The area from which you hit your drive or tee shot. They can be effectively used when there is a large difference in total course distance between two traditional tee levels. Although a specialty within landscape design or landscape architecture, golf course architecture is considered a separate field of study. Also called the “pin”. A golf hole always begins at the teeing area (which is also called a tee box or teeing ground), and always ends at the putting green. [O] Out-of-bounds The area designated as being outside the boundaries of the course. Excess water can be removed from a putting green using a machine called a water hog. They may be constructed to provide a core or supplementary attraction for visitors to a hotel or commercial resort, as the centrepiece to a real estate development, as an exclusive Country Club, or as a "Pay and Play" course open to the general public. You may take relief from casual water no nearer to the hole according to the rules of golf. Masters' 13th hole: 510-yard par-5. At Silverstone, the tips would be our set of silver tees. A ball in any hazard may be played as it lies without penalty. [P] Par Apocryphally an abbreviation for “professional average result”, standard score for a hole (defined by its length) or a course (sum of all the holes’ pars). By collecting sample measurements, golf courses can be compared in terms of average green speed. Break The tendency of a putted ball to roll left or right of a straight line. This consists of playing a set number of holes in an order predetermined by the course. In golf, golfers hit a lot of shots they wish they could have back. The normal challenges presented by the sometimes-rough terrain utilized for courses make it unrealistic to accommodate everyone on every hole. An ace, commonly known as a hole-in-one, is the best score out there. Historic England Research Report 42/2017", The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, "Bermuda, bent, rye: Grass types make big difference", "Scottish Croquet: The English Golf Boom, 1880–1914", "The decline of municipal golf clubs during the economic downturn", Professional Golfers' Association (Great Britain and Ireland), Professional Golfers' Association of America, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Golf_course&oldid=996254488, Articles needing additional references from September 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2011, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Be a putter hole-in-one, is the what is a golf hole with a turn called score out there 5.! 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